IMPROVE YOUR ENGLISH WITH PROTEIN
CHEYENNE RIVER RESERVATION
Europeans have used the term ‚Sioux’ since
1640 to designate the tribes that belong to the
Dakota, Lakota and Nakota language groups.
The Sioux people are the tribe that won the
Sioux Wars of 1868 and defeated General
George Armstrong Custer.
The Sioux people will use the word (Sioux) when telling
other tribal groups what Nation they are from or when
speaking to non-Indians, but call themselves by their
Sub-Tribe name and by their language group.
Thus a person would describe himself or herself as Mnikoju
General Convention of Sioux YMCAs
In 1862, the Dakota People, tired of semi-starvation and
poverty, took part in an ill-fated war meant to push white
settlers out of their lands in Minnesota. At the end of the
brief war, 160 Dakota warriors were captured and sentenced
In 1864, President Abraham Lincoln commuted the sentences
of 120 of the younger men. However, 40 other
warriors were hung from a single scaffold in Mankato,
Minnesota, making it the largest mass execution in
U.S. history. These younger Indian men languished
in a military prison. Volunteers from the Young Men‘s
Christian Association visited them, bringing clothing,
bedding, English language lessons and Christianity. The
Dakota men were so impressed with the compassion of
these YMCA volunteers, that upon their release in 1879,
some of them, including Chief Little Crow‘s son, Thomas
Wakeman, started the Koskada Okadiciye, a Young
In 1885 they were recognized by the national YMCA
movement and changed their name to Sioux Young
Men‘s Christian Association. Their goal then, as it still is
today, was to teach and encourage the values of Wawokiye,
Woksape, Ohitika, and Wa o‘hola or Generosity,
Wisdom, Bravery, and Respect.
Thomas Wakeman, son of Chief Little Crow, organized
the first Sioux Indian YMCA in 1879, and Dr. Charles A.
Eastman, Ohiyesa, a member of the Santee Sioux, for
merly with the Indian Health Service during the Wounded
Knee Massacre, was selected by the national YMCA to
head the Indian office in 1894. He was the first Sioux
YMCA Executive Director.
Change and growth have continued. In 1970 the Sioux
YMCAs voted to become a family association and in
1971 a summer residential camp, YMCA Camp Leslie
Marrowbone was started. The YMCA was incorporated
in 1972, became a member of the National Council of
YMCAs in 1977 and assumed full responsibility for
fund-raising in 1983.
Today, the General Convention of Sioux YMCAs, with
a Lakota Board of Directors and supported by a dedicated
Board of Trustees, operates youth, recreational
and camping programs that serve youth and families
spread out among isolated communities on the Cheyenne
River Sioux Tribe Reservation, which is over 5,000
square miles. Our mission is to develop and strengthen
the children and families in our reservation communities
so they can fulfill their greatest individual and collective
potential, spiritually, mentally and physically.
THE GENERAL CONVENTION OF SIOUX YMCAS
The Sioux YMCA is a very small organization with many
responsibilities and programs within communities throughout
the reservation. The Sioux YMCA believes in
working with community members rather than for them.
By working with community members we establish sustainable
programs and change; we can empower.
Focusing on the engaging academic, athletic, and artistic
programming, the Sioux YMCA serves the children
of the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe Reservation on site,
in the Tribal schools, in the communities, and through
Camp Leslie Marrowbone (Programmes: After school
program, Successful kindred influential Lakota leaderz,
My viewpoint photography initiative, Traditional Lakota
art, Game room, Computer and Internet, Summer food
program, Sioux initiative, Community outreach, Star
LESLIE MARROWBONE CAMP
In 1973, the Sioux YMCA officially opened Leslie Marrowbone
Memorial YMCA Camp on the banks of Lake
Oahe. Since then the services and programs provided by
Camp Marrowbone have continued to offer a unique resident
camp experience to all youth living on Reservations
in South Dakota and many non-reservation children.
Would you like to become a camp counselor?
1cde or http://www.siouxymca.org.
to sentence somebody to something – odsoudit někoho
to commute a sentence – zmírnit trest,
a scaffold – šibenice,
to languish – strádat,
compassion – soucit,
generosity – šlechetnost,
to assume responsibility – převzít zodpovědnost,
to spread out – rozptýlit
Iva Šípková, foto: siouxymca.org